Home and Garage Flooring – General Definition and Materials

Want something looks different, perhaps with a little style or color, to your home living and also garage space? If so, the perfect start is regarding to the floor. As to garage flooring, the most standard and functional one is concrete floors. However, with a bit additional attempt and creativity, you can also transform them into more enchanting and even comfortable.


By and large, flooring is defined as the broad term for a permanent covering of a floor, or also for the work of installing such a floor covering. In other words, floor covering is a wording to generically set forth any finish material applied over a floor structure to give a walking surface. We can use both terms interchangeably, yet still floor covering mentions more about to loose-laid materials.

Materials nearly always being referred to flooring usually will comprise carpet, laminate, tile and vinyl.


The selection of floor covering material commonly will be affected by some factors such as cost, endurance, noise insulation, comfort and cleaning maintenance. In this case, you are not allowed to install some types of flooring below grade, for example laminate and hardwood due to their possible impairment from wet condition.


It is a soft floor covering made of conjugated carpet fibers or stapled fibers. Carpeting actually refers more to wall-to-wall coverage, whereas a rug is the one that simply employed to cover a space. This kind of flooring is typically applied indoors and is able to be employed in both high and low traffic areas. It usually takes about 15-18 years before we need to replace it. You can measure the quality of a carpet based on their face weight, or how many fibers they have per square inch. The higher the face weight the more plush a carpet will be.

Carpets can be found in wide range materials like wool, nylon, olefin and polyester.

Carpet Padding

There is also what-so-called carpet padding. You can place it underneath the carpet to provide more comfort and offer some noise insulation. The level of comfort is of course determined by the type of material used, which can consist of memory foam and rubber regrind.

Wood flooring

Wood flooring are usually manufactured in plenty different species of wood into two primary types, namely plank and parquet.

Hardwoods are commonly much more long-wearing than softwoods.

Reclaimed lumber has a incomparable visual aspect and is utilized in green (environmentally responsible) building.

Engineered hardwood has a thin solid wood layer on top with a composite core. It can be a less costly, yet it cannot be sanded and refinished. This flooring generally is installed with a click-lock method.

Bamboo flooring is a floor made of the bamboo plant. Though technically not a wood, bamboo is classified as a form of hardwood flooring. It’s famous for its durability and environmentally-friendly feature. You can find them in numerous patterns, colors, and textures.

Cork flooring is a sort of flooring material factory-made from the by-product of the cork oak tree. Cork floors are considered as an eco-friendly one due to the reason that the cork oak tree bark is stripped every nine to ten years without damaging the tree. They are available in both tiles and planks, plus glue or glues-less installation.


Laminate is a floor covering that seems to have similarity with hardwood, but actually it’s manufactured from a plywood or medium density fiberboard (MDF) core combined with a plastic laminate top layer. Laminate may be more long-lasting than hardwood, but cannot be refinished. Laminate flooring comes in broad range of patterns that are able to resemble different woods or even ceramic tile. They usually lock or tap together, plus need for underlayment to offer moisture and noise control.

Hard Flooring

This will include concrete or cement, ceramic tile, glass tiles, and natural stone products.

Ceramic tile are clay products which are made into thin tiles and fired. Ceramic tiles are set in beds of mortar or mastic with the joints between tiles grouted. Some varieties of ceramic tiles are quarry tile, porcelain, terracotta.

As flooring, numerous natural stones are cut into different sizes, shapes, and thicknesses. Slate and marble are famous forms of stone flooring that needs for polishing and sealing. For installation, stone flooring uses a akin method to ceramic tile. Instead of raw cut stone, you may also employ stone aggregates, like Terrazzo, as either preformed tiles or to be constructed in-place utilizing a cement binder.

Instead of natural stone, you may also choose porcelain stoneware. It is a ceramic material like a tile. Yet, it is typically 20 mm (0.79 in) thick and frequently available in squares of 60 cm (24 in).

Concrete or cement finished floor is also chosen due to its quality to be treated for assorted feel and its durability, such as polished concrete. Epoxy resurfacing of concrete flooring is usually applied to update or upgrade concrete floor surfaces in many commercial and residential spaces.

Resilient flooring

Different with ceramic and stone tiles, which are made of minerals, resilient flooring is constructed from materials that offer some elasticity, granting the flooring a degree of flexibility called resilience. this kind of flooring is typically applied to performance surfaces, for example, used for dance or athletics.

Some products of resilient flooring can be found in different manufactured options like linoleum, sheet vinyl, vinyl composition tile (VCT), cork (sheet or tile), and rubber.

Resilient flooring products, such as PVC and polypropylene are gaining more popularity in specialty applications such as trailer flooring and garage flooring.


Seamless polymer flooring

This can be found in different forms ranged from air drying latex emulsion polymers to reactive thermoset resins such as waterborne, solvented or solvent-free urethanes, polyaspartics and epoxies.

Applied typically in liquid form, all dry and/or cure to offer such a totally seamless floor covering. They can be employed in various situations ranging from the simple protection of domestic garage floors, to the fixing and covering of commercial and industrial flooring.

They are also employed to figure out a broad array of problems in industry such as wet areas in laboratories or food processing plants where spillages of oils and fats are easily engrossed and hard to clean.

Some other reasons for covering concrete with a synthetic resin flooring are for enhancing resistance to chemicals, improving resistance to impact and wear, and for aesthetic look objectives.

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